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What Is The Process Of Surgical Orthodontics?

Orthodontic surgery is a procedure that involves making changes to the jawbone, teeth, or gums. As with any surgery, it has risks and benefits. Before undergoing any orthodontic treatment, it’s important to understand the reasons for your condition and possible solutions.

What is surgical orthodontics?

Surgical orthodontics, also known as orthognathic surgery, is a corrective jaw surgery used to improve the alignment of the jaws and teeth. This surgery can be performed on the upper jaw (maxilla), lower jaw (mandible), or both jaws. It is often used to correct severe misalignments of the jaws and teeth, which can lead to functional problems such as difficulty chewing or speaking or cause an improper bite. Orthognathic surgery can also improve the appearance of the face and jaws and help ensure that the teeth meet properly when biting and chewing.

How is surgical orthodontics performed?

Surgical orthodontics is a complex surgical procedure that requires careful planning and coordination between the patient, orthodontist, periodontist, oral surgeon, and other surgical specialists.

The process typically starts with an initial consultation with the surgical team to discuss the treatment goals and any concerns that need to be addressed before surgery. During this time, X-rays and 3D imaging will be used to assess the current alignment of the jaws and teeth. Based on these images, surgical models are created and used as a guide during surgery.

Following consultation, pre-surgical treatments such as braces or Invisalign may be recommended to prepare for surgical correction of the misalignment. During this time, the surgical team will also assess whether additional surgical procedures, such as bone grafts or soft tissue adjustments, may be required.

On the day of surgery, patients are typically put under general anesthesia, and their jaws may be wired shut to provide stability during the surgical correction. During the procedure, small incisions are made to access the underlying jawbone and reposition it into its desired position. Once the jaws have been correctly aligned, screws hold them until they heal.

Following surgery, post-operative care is essential for a successful outcome. Patients will typically wear braces or clear aligners for several months after surgery to ensure that teeth remain properly aligned and bite pressure is evenly distributed across all teeth. In addition, medication may be prescribed to help manage pain and inflammation.


Surgical orthodontics is an effective surgical procedure that can help improve the alignment of the jaws and teeth, allowing for better function and improved appearance. This surgery requires careful planning to ensure a successful outcome, and post-operative care is essential for long-term success.


1.What types of problems can surgical orthodontics treat?

Surgical orthodontics can correct severe misalignment of the jaws and teeth, which can lead to functional problems such as difficulty chewing or speaking or cause an improper bite. It can also improve the facial appearance by improving the shape of the lower face and chin.

2. How long does surgical orthodontics take?

The surgical procedure typically takes two to three hours, depending on the severity of the misalignment. However, it can take several months for final results to be achieved as post-operative treatments such as braces or clear aligners are usually required for several months following surgery.

3. Is surgical orthodontics painful?

Surgical orthodontics is performed under general anesthesia, so pain should not be experienced during the procedure. After surgery, patients may experience minor soreness in their facial muscles, which can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain medications.

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